Month: March 2014

Lesson 1: Simple phrases and singular personal pronouns

Look at the following words:

Dahihi
Livihi
Lorahi

What do they all have in common?
In Shiväisith all verbs end in -hi  or in -ihi, which makes them easy to recognize.
If we remove the -hi  or -ihi ending we obtain the Imperfect Stem or Short Stem, when it ends in a vowel or in a consonant, respectively, and thus obtain:

Dah-
Livi-
Lora-

To this stem we will add the proper ending in order to conjugate the verb, this means that the verb will take a different ending depending on who is performing the action. This endings are depicted in the following table

Personal Pronoun (en) Personal Pronoun (sh) Ending (1) Ending (2)
I Kir -ar -ra
You Nol -al -la
He / She /It Vath -ith -tha

The endings that begin in a vowel (Ending (1) in the above table)  are used when the stem ends in a consonant, and the second ending is used when the stem ends in a vowel.

It is important to note that Shiväisith does not have gender distinction in the third person, this means that you would use Vath independent if you are talking about a person (of any gender) or an object.
It is also noteworthy for English speakers that Nol is a singular pronoun, which means that if you are addressing a group of people you’d have to use a different pronoun.
Let’s try a couple of example sentences:

Kir dahar
I curse

Nol livila
You attack

Vath lorath
(S)He flies

Kir vurar
I see

The most difficult aspect in figuring out the stem occurs when the verb infinite form ends in -ihi, in this case there are two options:

  • The stem ends in a i, like in Livihi (short stem Livi),
  • The stem ends in the consonant preceding the i, ex: Dahihi (short steam dah-) and Vurihi (short stem vur-),

there is no way to distinguish between these cases, so for these verbs is better to learn the stem along with the verb.

 

Vocabulary used in this lesson

  • Kir – I
  • Nol – You (singular)
  • Vath – He / She / It
  • Dahihi – to curse
  • Livihi – to attack
  • Lorahi – to fly
  • Vurihi – to see
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